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Cancer 101: What You Should Know!

Not just one, but many, cancer is no singular disease. It is a disease that can start in any part of the body and for some, be treated well enough for them to live full lives.

Quick cancer stats:

  • In 2016, there were an estimated 15.5 million cancer survivors in the United States.
  • The number of cancer survivors is expected to increase to 20.3 million by 2026.
  • Cancer mortality is higher among men than women.
  • The number of new cases of cancer is 439.2 per 100,000 men and women per year.
  • In 2018, an estimated 1,735,350 new cases of cancer were diagnosed in the United States.

What is Cancer?

The body is made up if trillions of cells that, normally, grow and multiply as the body needs them. Usually when cells become old or damaged, they die and are replaced by new cells, according to the National Cancer Institute

But when cancer begins to form this normal process changes. Cells begin to become abnormal, old and damaged cells do not die when they should, and new cells form when they are unnecessary. The production of these extra cells continues and form tumors.

 

What are tumors?

Masses of tissue formed from excessive cell production are called tumors. Many cancers form tumors but some, like leukemias, do not form tumors. Cancer tumors are malignant. This means they can spread throughout the body and form new tumors to either nearby tissue or to distant places within the body through blood.

Not all tumors are cancerous. Some, called benign tumors, are masses of tissue with no cancerous cells. A doctor can determine whether a mass is malignant or benign by doing a biopsy. 

How is cancer treated?

Treatment for cancer depends on the type of cancer and the stage of the cancer. There are four stages, the fourth stage being the highest meaning the cancer has spread more.

According to the American Cancer Society, there are three common treatments for cancer:

  • Chemotherapy (or "chemo") - Chemo is the use of drugs to kill or slow down the growth of cancer cells. Typically given in either an IV or in poll form, this method is useful for the types of cancer that has spread.
  • Surgery - Surgery is used to remove cancerous tissue. Depending on the type of cancer, the area of the body affected by cancer may be removed completely like removing part or all of a breast for someone suffering from breast cancer.
  • Radiation - This type of treatment is also used to kill or slow down cancer cells. It can be used in combination with chemo or surgery.

Can I avoid cancer?

There are many debates and controversies on whether cancer can be prevented because if genetics but there are steps that you can take to reduce your risk of developing cancer.

  • Avoid tobacco. Tobacco has been linked to various cancers including cancer of the throat, mouth, and lungs.
  • Eat a healthy diet. What you consume contributes greatly to your health and the functioning of your body. Eating a healthy, balanced diet and avoiding processed meats and foods can be highly beneficial to your health.
  • Stay active. Being physically active helps to maintain a healthy body weight and may lower the risk of cancers like breast and colon cancer.
  • Practice safe sex. People with sexually transmitted diseases have a higher risk of developing cancer.
  • Get regular check-ups. Stay up to date with vaccines and routine physicals so that you are knowledgeable of your health status.

Cancer affects people all around the world. It is an unfortunate situation to deal with, but treatments are continuously advancing, especially when cancer is diagnosed early. Knowing and understanding your health plays a major role in your overall health and can even play a vital role in the early diagnosis and treatment of diseases like cancer.

At Fibronostics, our passion for non-invasive digital diagnostics drives us towards creating solutions that allow you to monitor risk and detect disease, with the goal of eventually forgoing the traditional biopsies and scans currently common practice.

That’s why we developed the LiverFASt™ family of tests for monitoring risk and detecting disease in your liver – the largest organ in your body connected to many common health risks. Allow us to help you understand the health of your liver so that you can stay ahead of the silent killer of Liver Disease and live a happy, healthy life!

Contact us via email, or by phone at 1-888-552-1603 today to learn more about our LiverFASt™ family of diagnostic tests. 

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